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<br />SURPRISE POLICE DEPARTMENT <br /> <br /> <br />BIAS CRIMES OPS-21 <br /> <br />DATE DATE REVISE CALEA STANDARDS PAGE <br />ISSUED EFFECTIVE DATE MET <br />1 of 5 <br />06-23-04 11-14-08 YES <br />06-09-04 <br /> <br /> <br />I. POLICY <br /> <br />The Surprise Police Department has implemented this procedure to identify and <br />react to bias crimes. This response has been developed in accordance with the <br />guidelines established by the Federal or State "Hate Crimes Statistics Act of <br />1990." <br /> <br />II. DEFINITIONS <br /> <br />A. Bias Crime: A bias crime or hate crime is a criminal offense committed <br />against a person or property that is motivated in whole or part, by the <br />offender’s bias against the victim’s race, religion, ethnicity/national origin <br />group, or sexual orientation group. <br />B. Bias: A pre-formed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons <br />based on their race, religion, ethnicity/national origin, or sexual orientation. <br />C. Disability Bias: A pre-formed negative opinion or attitude toward a group <br />of persons based on their mental or physical disability. <br />D. Discrimination: Discrimination is when a prejudicial thought is put into <br />action. <br />E. Ethnic/National Origin Bias: A pre-formed negative opinion or attitude <br />toward a group of persons of the same race or national origin who share <br />common or similar traits, languages, customs, and traditions. <br />F. Gender Bias: A pre-formed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of <br />persons based on their gender. <br />G. Prejudice: An unreasonable and unjustifiable negative attitude toward a <br />group and its individual members. <br />H. Racial Bias: A pre-formed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of <br />persons who possess common physical characteristics genetically <br />transmitted by descent and heredity which distinguish them as a distinct <br />division of humankind. <br />I. Religious Bias: A pre-formed negative opinion or attitude toward a group <br />of persons who share the same religious beliefs regarding the origin and <br />purpose of the universe and the existence or nonexistence of a supreme <br />being. <br />J. Sexual Orientation Bias: A pre-formed negative opinion or attitude toward <br />a group of persons based on their sexual attraction toward and <br />responsiveness to, members of their own sex or members of the opposite <br />sex. <br />K. Responding Officer: The first law enforcement officer on the scene who <br />must determine whether a suspected bias incident has occurred. <br /> <br />